EMBRIO http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio <p>Jurnal EMBRIO is the bachelor midwifery journal at PGRI Adi Buana University in Surabaya, <strong>(P-ISSN: 2089-8789 dan E-ISSN: 2714-7886).</strong> Which publish articles in midwifery, including: birth pregnancy, labor, childbirth; baby; family planning; reproductive health; complementary midwifery care.</p> <p><strong>Publication schedule: May and November</strong></p> <p>This journal publishes scientific papers that discuss the results of research studies and literature reviews as well as the latest issues and trends occuring.</p> Program Studi S1 Kebidanan - Fakultas Sains dan Kesehatan Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya en-US EMBRIO 2089-8789 Literatur Review: Prenatal Yoga for Anxiety in Pregnancy http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3532 <p>Physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy affect anxiety in pregnant women. Such anxiety will have a major impact on childbirth preparation and also face the birth of the baby. This anxiety if not minimized during pregnancy has an impact on the psychological of pregnant women and nifas. Therefore the purpose of this literature study is to find out the benefits of prenatal yoga to overcome anxiety in pregnancy. The Google Scholar database is used to search for research articles. Literature searches using the keywords pregnancy, prenatal yoga, anxiety with rriteria inclusion articles used are articles from 2013-2021, primary articles, fulltext and research subjects of pregnant women. Based on the above search obtained 306 articles based on keywords and six articles will be analyzed with a descriptive narrative approach in this paper. Of the 306 research articles, seven articles were reviewed that met all the inclusion criteria and objectives of this literature study. Seven articles obtained were then conducted critical appraisal which was then analyzed using simplified thematic analysis. The sample criteria of pregnant women in the article are primigravida pregnant women, TM II and TM III gestational age, yoga at least 4x in pregnancy.&nbsp; Based on the results of this article review, by doing prenatal yoga regularly able to reduce the condition of anxiety in pregnant women.</p> Budi Rahayu Ristiana Eka A. Copyright (c) 2021 Budi Rahayu, Ristiana Eka A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 92 98 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3532 Relationship Of Mother Characteristics, History Of Exclusive Association And Environmental Sanitation Toward Stunting Events In Babies 2-5 Years Old At Siatas Barita Health Center http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3313 <p>Toddler period is a crucial period in the process of human growth and development, growth and development in toddlers at this time is very influential for the success of growth and development of toddlers at the next stage. Lately, the problem of malnutrition that has received the most serious attention is the problem of <em>stunting</em>. The problem in this study is the high prevalence of <em>stunting</em> for infants aged 2-5 years at the Siatas Barita Health Center as much as 201 out of 1035 toddlers. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics (knowledge, education, occupation, income, number of families), history of exclusive breastfeeding and environmental sanitation with the prevalence of stunted children in Siatas Barita Public Health Center. This study uses an observational analytic design with a cross-sectional case approach. The targets in this study were 193 mothers who had babies aged 2-5 years. Sampling uses the convenience technique. Data obtained by questionnaire, and analyzed using multiple regression in = 5%. The results showed the variables of knowledge (p value 0.02 &lt;0.05), education (p value 0.035 &lt;0.05), history of exclusive breastfeeding (p value 0.018 &lt;0.05) and environmental sanitation (p value 0.033 &lt;0 0.05) was related to the incidence of <em>stunting</em> while occupation (p value 0.205&gt; 0.05), income (p value 0.779&gt; 0.05) and the number of families (p value 0.663&gt; 0.05) were not related to the incidence of <em>stunting</em>. The knowledge variable has a significant effect on the prevalence of short children at the Siatas Barita Health Center.</p> Janner Pelanjani Simamora Naomi Isabella Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2021 Janner Pelanjani Simamora, Naomi Isabella Hutabarat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 99 107 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3313 The Effect of Family Social Support on the Motivation of Pregnant Women in Maintaining Health During Pregnancy During the Covid-19 Pandemic http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3610 <p>Maintaining health is a prerequisite for giving birth to a healthy baby. A pregnant woman needs motivation from the closest people so that it will have a positive impact. This study aims to determine the effect of family social support on the motivation of pregnant women in maintaining health during pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study used descriptive analytic method with purposive sampling technique as many as 30 pregnant women. The research was conducted for 2 months, namely March-April 2021 in Kedungpring Village. The research instrument used a social support questionnaire consisting of 17 items and a motivation questionnaire. Both instruments consist of statements of support and statements of non-support. After the data was obtained, statistical tests were carried out using SPSS, namely the chi-square test. The results of the statistical test using the chi-square test obtained a significant value of 0.001 (p-value &lt;0.05), meaning that there is an influence of family social support on the motivation of pregnant women to maintain health during pregnancy during the covid-19 pandemic. Pregnant women who get social support have a positive impact, namely feeling loved, cared for, protected and appreciated by their families so that pregnant women have the motivation to maintain health during pregnancy.</p> Siska Nurul Abidah Fritria Dwi Anggraini Copyright (c) 2021 Siska Nurul Abidah, Fritria Dwi Anggraini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 108 114 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3610 Effect Of Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) On Placenta Weight and Fetal Weight in Preeclampsia Model Wistar Rats http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3699 <p>Preeclampsia was defined as new onset hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in which the mother had no previous history of hypertension. Preeclampsia is a disorder that often occurs in pregnancy with an incidence rate of 2-8% among pregnancies in the world. Preeclampsia ranks 2nd as a cause of maternal death (MMR). In East Java, preeclampsia was ranked 1st as the cause of AKI in 2016. Preeclampsia as one of the main causes of maternal death can be detected and treated properly before the emergence of life-threatening complications such as eclampsia. In severe cases, preeclampsia increases the risk of comorbidities such as Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels, and Low Platelet Levels (HELLP) syndrome, edema, Disseminated Vascular Coagulation (DIC), and eclampsia/cerebral edema, whereas in fetus preeclampsia is associated with intrauterine growth restriction. (IUGR), prematurity and fetal death. Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is obtained from olives in a mechanical way that does not change the composition of the oil. Research on EVOO has been widely studied in a broad spectrum which explores its content as antioxidants and also anti-inflammatory polyphenols and tocopherols that can be used as anti-oxidants and also anti-inflammatory. The purpose of this study was to prove the role of EVOO on placental and fetal weight in preeclampsia model Wistar rats. The design of this study was experimental (quasi experimental) with a posttest only control group design approach. This study consisted of 5 groups, negative group, positive group (preeclampsia model rats), treatment groups 1, 2 and 3, namely preeclampsia rats that were given EVOO in 3 different doses (each 0.5ml/day, 1ml/day, 2 ml/day). After being sacrificed, the placenta and fetus are weighed to determine their weight. The results showed that the administration of EVOO was effective in increasing the weight of the placenta and fetus in preeclampsia model rats with a P value of 0.000 (P&lt;0.05).</p> Dwi Norma Retnaningrum Wenny Rahmawati Alfima Rahasti Copyright (c) 2021 Dwi Norma Retnaningrum, Wenny Rahmawati, Alfima Rahasti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 115 124 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3699 Testing The Effectiveness of The Pregnancy of Centella Asiatica Leaf Extract Gel Formula 10% for Striae Gravidarum Management in Pregnant Women http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/4145 <p>Referring to the Sustainable Development Goals, there are 4 pillars, which one of them is the realization of biodiversity through bioprospecting activities in the fulfillment of medicinal raw materials. Centella asiatica or daun pegagan is a plant with an aromatic smell and has many benefits. &nbsp;Centella asiatica contains collagen. The collagen has functions to tighten and elasticize the skin fibers so that it can overcome striae gravidarum. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the gel preparation of Centella asiatica. This gel was made by extracting the Centella asiatica leaves at 10% concentration for the treatment of striae gravidarum grade 1, 2 and 3 which examined before and after the intervention. The research method is quasi-experimental with a one group pretest-posttest design approach. The repondents are 3 pregnant women who had experiencing striae gravidarum grade 1, 2 and 3. This research was carried out at the Mariyat Health Center, Sorong Regency from June to August 2021. The research instrument use G.S.S. Atwal L.K (2006) method to assess the degree of striae gravidarum, paired T test for the analysis. The results of the research, gel preparation of Centella asiatica leaves extract formula (10%) is effective for treatment of striae gravidarum grade 1,2 and 3.</p> Mariana Isir Vera Iriani Abdullah Copyright (c) 2021 Mariana Isir, Vera Iriani Abdullah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 125 133 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.4145 Analysis of the Effect of Giving MgSO4 to Mothers with Severe Preeclampsia in Pre-Referral Health Facilities at Jombang General Hospitals on the Prevalence of Eclampsia http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3652 <p>In Indonesia, eclampsia is a major cause of maternal death. Eclampsia can be prevented by administering MgSO4 immediately after the diagnosis of severe preeclampsia. However, there are still pre-referral health facilities that do not provide MgSO4 to severe pre-eclampsia mothers. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of giving MgSO4 to mothers giving birth with severe preeclampsia at the pre-referral health facility at RSUD Jombang on the prevalence of eclampsia. This study is an analytical study using a retrospective cohort design. Based on the estimated sample, 74 mothers were taken from the total population of 119 mothers. The sampling method used simple random sampling. Test analysis using chi square test and Fisher's exact test. Meanwhile, the chance of exposure to risk factors is assessed using Relative Risk (RR). The results of the analysis prove that 2 = 1.014; p = 0.000 which means that there is an effect of MgSO4 on the prevalence of preeclampsia. The results of further analysis obtained a relative risk value (RR) of 1.03, which means that the risk of eclampsia was 1.03 times greater in the group that was not given MgSO4 pre-referral at the site than the mother who was given MgSO4. The conclusion obtained in this study is that there is an effect of giving MgSO4 to mothers giving birth with severe pre-eclampsia at the pre-referral PONEK RSUD Jombang on the occurrence of eclampsia.</p> Niken Grah Prihartanti Rini Hayu Lestari Chanda Paramitha Bherty Copyright (c) 2021 Niken Grah Prihartanti, Rini Hayu Lestari, Chanda Paramitha Bherty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 134 140 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3652 Self Healing Therapy in Lowering Anxiety During Pregnancy in The Era of Covid-19 Pandemic http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3348 <p>Every pregnant woman experiences anxiety in pregnancy, the anxiety increases with the Covid-19 pandemic and the increase in cases of pregnant women's deaths caused by Covid-19. Excessive fear in pregnant women due to this pandemic causes mothers to experience anxiety and worry in pregnancy. Type of quantitative analytical research, research design used Quasi Eksperiment One group pre-post test design is to apply Self-Healing (Self compassion) applied every morning when waking up and at night before going to bed and done regularly for 3 months. A sample of 120 pregnant women with purposive sampling techniques. Intrumen: HARS (Hamilton Anciety Rating Scale), Ceklist and Observation sheet, data analyzed using the Wilcoxon Test. Most of the respondents before Self-Healing therapy, 62.5% had moderate anxiety levels and after doing Self-Healing therapy, the respondents were mild, which was 77.5%. Analysis with the Wilcoxon Test obtained a p-value of 0.001 correlation coefficient (r) 0.125 which can be concluded there is an effect of Self-Healing therapy on decreased anxiety during pregnancy.</p> Nining Mustika Ningrum Copyright (c) 2021 Nining Mustika Ningrum https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 141 147 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3348 Maternity Class as an Effort to Reduce Anxiety in Pregnancy http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3495 <p>Anxiety in pregnancy were an important problem. The pregnancy anxiety rate in developing countries was around 1-37%, while in Indonesia it was around 10-25%. Anxiety had a bad impact on pregnancy, and it needs to be fixed. Maternity class is a program to enrich the knowledge of mothers and expected to minimize the mother’s anxiety. Based on the prior study, it was found that the maternity class program had not been effectively implemented. The purpose was to determine the effect of maternity class intervention to the anxiety of primigravida. This was a quasi-experimental with a one group pre-test post-test design. The sampling technique was purposive sampling with 20 respondents. This used Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire. Statistical analysis used paired T test. The results showed a P value of 0.000, it means that maternity class could influence the level of pregnant women anxiety. As a conclusion, there was a significant effect after being given maternity class on the anxiety level of pregnant women, therefore the maternity class program should be carried out optimally.</p> Maudy Lila Kartika Copyright (c) 2021 Maudy Lila Kartika https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 148 155 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3495 Influence of Hypnobirthing on Anxiety Levels Pregnant Women in The Siatas Barita Health Center Work Area In 2020 http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3513 <p>Psychological changes in pregnant women include experiencing anxiety which can increase stress and severe stress during childbirth and can cause abnormalities. Childbirth history that is not good can affect the health of the mother and fetus. This situation can cause the muscles in the body to become stiff, especially the perineal muscles to become stiff and hard, making it difficult to adapt to the development and delivery process, unbalanced emotions and even increased and difficult to control. <em>Hypnobirthing</em> is a way that pregnant women do by doing relaxation because it can increase the hormone endorphins that can relieve pain in the body. This study aims to analyze the effect of <em>Hypnobirthing</em> on the anxiety of pregnant women before and after treatment and prove whether there is an impact of <em>hypnobirthing</em> to reduce maternal anxiety. pregnant in the working area of ​​the Siatas Barita Health Center. This type of research uses treatment before giving a pre-test to the group. Then the researchers did a <em>hypnobirthing</em> simulation. Next, a post-test was carried out. The population is mothers with gestational age above 12 weeks. Methods Bivariate analysis uses the Wilcoxon test calculation and then the results are described. Based on the calculation results indicate that there is a relevant impact of <em>hypnobirthing</em> on reducing anxiety in respondents (p = 0.016). Before receiving <em>Hypnobirthing</em> treatment, the anxiety level of pregnant women was higher than those who had received treatment.</p> Dimpu Rismawaty Nainggolan Riance Mardiana Ujung Paruhum Tiruon Ritonga Copyright (c) 2021 Dimpu Rismawaty Nainggolan, Riance Mardiana Ujung, Paruhum Tiruon Ritonga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 156 163 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3513 The Relationship Between Diaper Use and Skin Irritation Incidence in Toddlers Aged 0-3 Years at PMB Ani Mahmudah SST Lamongan http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/4044 <p>Diaper rash is a skin problem in the genital area of ​​infants and toddlers, which is characterized by the appearance of red patches on the skin. Baby's skin is still sensitive because its functions are still developing, especially in the epidermis or the outermost layer of the skin which provides natural protection for the skin from the surrounding environment. Continuous use of diapers for too long will increase the sensitivity of the baby's skin so that it can cause skin irritation. That's why baby's skin is more sensitive and prone to skin disorders. Disorders that usually arise in the form of a skin rash known as diaper rash or diaper rash. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the use of instant diapers and the incidence of diaper rash in toddlers aged 0-3 years at PMB Ani Maheasy SST, Kab. Lamongan Year 2021. The design in this research is an observational analytic with a cross sectional design. The population in this study were all toddlers aged 0-3 years at PMB Ani Maheasy, SST Lamongan from January to February 2021. A sample of 29 people was obtained using the Simple Random Sampling technique. The independent variable is diaper use and the dependent variable is the incidence of skin irritation. The instrument used was a questionnaire sheet in the form of a checklist regarding the variables of diaper use and the incidence of skin irritation compiled by researchers who had conducted validity and reliability tests, then the results were analyzed using the chi square test with a significant level of = 0.05. Based on the results of statistical tests using the Chi-square value, the results of p value: 0.000 &lt; <em>α:</em>0.05 indicate that there is a relationship between the use of instant diapers and the incidence of diaper rash in toddlers aged 0-3 years at PMB Ani Maheasy SST, Kab. Lamongan Year 2021. p value: 0.000 &lt; <em>α:</em>0.05. The solution for using diapers with skin irritation in toddlers is by washing their hands with regular soap before touching the baby's genitals, and the mother's behavior in playing an important role in caring for the little one should check the baby's diaper as often, if skin irritation occurs, apply a cream/ointment to prevent irritation. It is expected that existing health workers such as posyandu cadres can provide information about how to use instant diapers properly, such as information about when is the right time to change diapers and the right type of diaper to use on babies to avoid rashes in babies as a result of using instant diapers.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Asyaul Wasiah Ida Susila Salma Nabila Copyright (c) 2021 Asyaul Wasiah, Ida Susila, Salma Nabila https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 164 171 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.4044 Feeding Demonstration Method As An Effort To Increase Mother’s Knowledge And Attitude in Feeding Infants 6-12 Months http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/3496 <p>Complementary feeding is food given to babies starting at the age of 6 months. The main obstacle using MP-ASI is due to the lack of correct knowledge about MP-ASI, one of which is through counseling. The right selection method and media will affect the mother's knowledge and attitude in feeding. The purpose was to determine the effect of demonstration method on increasing mother’s knowledge and attitudes in feeding infants 6-12 months. The research design used pre-experimental with one group pretest posttest. Samples were obtained from quota sampling as many as 32 respondents and located in Krembangan village, Surabaya. The instrument used an instrument of knowledge and attitudes related to feeding that has been validated. Data analysis using Wilcoxon test. The results showed that the mother's knowledge after being given the demonstration method increased (87.5%) (p = 0.001) and the mother's attitude increased (71.9%) (p = 0.009) compared to before the demonstration method was given. The conclusion of this study is the demonstration method of feeding can increase mother’s knowledge and attitudes in feeding infants aged 6-12 months. This method can be chosen by midwives or nutritionists in educating mothers and cadres regarding how to feed infants aged 6-12 months.</p> Emma Anastya Puriastuti Budi Utomo Copyright (c) 2021 Emma Anastya Puriastuti, Budi Utomo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 172 178 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.3496 Premenstrual Syndrome Factors in Reproductive Women 18 – 40 Years Old http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/embrio/article/view/4007 <p>Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of symptoms in reproductive women that appear on the 7-14 days before menstruation, such as physical, psychological, and behavioral disorders. Symptoms that often occur include excessive anxiety, irritability, breast pain, increased or decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, acne, lumbago and back pain which can reduce productivity. Some experts say that PMS occur due to decreased serotonin levels caused by low physical activity, less or excess BMI, and hypertension. This research aims to analyze the relationship between PMS with physical activity, BMI, and hypertension in women 18-40 years old. This research was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. The total sample was 54 reproductive women in Tuban District according to the inclusion criteria and using purposive sampling. Chi square statistical test was used to determine the significant level of data obtained level of significant α=0,05. After the chi square test was carried out, it was obtained physical activity with ρ = 0,012, BMI with ρ = 0,002, and hypertension with ρ = 0,003. This means there are relationship between physical activity, BMI, and hypertension with PMS. The conclusion is habits in proper and routine physical activity, normal BMI, and no history of hypertension can reduce the PMS complaints.</p> Senja Himaya Ashon Sa’adi Lilik Herawati Copyright (c) 2021 Senja Himaya, Ashon Sa’adi, Lilik Herawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 13 2 179 186 10.36456/embrio.v13i2.4007