ESTETIKA DALAM SENI ISLAM MENURUT SAYYED HOSSEIN NASR
The discussion about the phenomenon of religion and the cultural arts system is very interesting
because the two have a close relationship. Islamic art, according to Nasr, has three elements.
First, religious art is art that completely avoids something secular, can be a fence of expression
to hold back pagan art or the like. Secondly, Islamic art must be extracted from aesthetic elements
which must animate the meaning of monotheism, so that it contributes to always remind again
of the majesty of God. Third, Islamic art must be truly wisdom, because it is inspired by spiritual
values. Associated with aesthetics, is to provide beauty that reflects aspects of positive judgment.
The problems that arise in this case, how far beauty can be felt by someone and once able to
evaluate it. Ethical and aesthetic freedom are often seen in relation to diametric patterns. Binary
opposition between ethical freedom governed by various normative rules and aesthetic freedom
that tends to be explosive is often a problem especially when art is associated with religious
values. Based on this, it is known that Nasr paid great attention to spirituality in building his
philosophy of Islamic aesthetics and rejecting modernism.