PENGARUH BEBAN HIDROLIK MEDIA DALAM MENURUNKAN SENYAWA AMMONIA PADA LIMBAH CAIR RUMAH POTONG AYAM (RPA)

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  • Muhammad Al Kholif
  • Rhenny Ratnawati

Abstract

Limbah rumah potong ayam (RPA) umumnya mengandung zat pencemar seperti Biological Oxygen Deman (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Deman (COD) dan Amonia yang tinggi. Umumnya senyawa pencemar tersebut terbentuk dalam pencernaan lipid. Kandungan ammonia pada limbah rumah potong ayam umumnya melebihi baku mutu yang sudah ditetapkan. Biofilter anaerob merupakan salah satu metode pengolahan limbah cair yang dapat diterapkan untuk mengolah air limbah RPA. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai adalah mengkaji kemampuan beban hidrolik media dalam menurunkan senyawa amonia pada air limbah RPA. Beban hidrolik media yang digunakan terdiri dari tiga variasi yaitu diantaranya 0,006 m3/m2media.hari, 0,009 m3/m2media.hari dan 0,015 m3/m2media.hari.  Media yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu media karbon aktif untuk menurunkan beban pencemar ammonia pada air limbah RPA dengan sistem biofilter anaerob tercelup aliran upflow. Reaktor yang digunakan dalam percobaan ini adalah terdiri dari 3 reaktor dengan ukuran berbeda-beda. Efisiensi penyisihan kandungan amonia disimpulkan bahwa penerapan beban hidrolik media 0,006 m3/m2media.hari mampu menyisihkan senyawa ammonia lebih dari 95%.

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Published
2017-02-03
How to Cite
Al Kholif, M., & Ratnawati, R. (2017). PENGARUH BEBAN HIDROLIK MEDIA DALAM MENURUNKAN SENYAWA AMMONIA PADA LIMBAH CAIR RUMAH POTONG AYAM (RPA). WAKTU: Jurnal Teknik UNIPA, 15(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.36456/waktu.v15i1.426