Risk Factors of Preeclampsia at Dupak Public Health Center Surabaya: Case Control Study

 Abstract views: 92

Authors

  • Elga Caecaria Grahardika Andani Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung
  • Muhammad Alamsyah Aziz Midwifery Study Program of Faculty of Medicine Padjadjaran University
  • Johanes Cornelius Mose Midwifery Study Program of Faculty of Medicine Padjadjaran University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36456/embrio.v14i1.4069

Keywords:

Preeclampsia, Pregnancy, Risk Factors

Abstract

Preeclampsia causes maternal death around 30-40% and tends to increase when accompanied by other organ complications. Preeclampsia is the first target to reduce maternal mortality because screening and prevention can be done. This research aims to analyze the risk factors for the incidence of preeclampsia. This research design is case control using primary data via google form. The research subjects were mothers who had given birth at Dupak Public Health Center Surabaya. Sampling was based on total sampling and simple random sampling technique that met the inclusion and exclusion criterias, each group consisted of 75 peoples. The analysis used was logistic regression and chi square. The results showed multiple pregnancies (AOR 3.89; 95% CI 0.714-21.186), family history of preeclampsia (AOR 5.19; 95% CI 1.287-20.959), previous history of preeclampsia (AOR 7.56; 95% CI 1.999-28.601), obesity (AOR 5.05; 95% CI 1.651-15.470) and chronic hypertension (AOR 5.12; 95% CI 1.294-20.312). The conclusion of this research is the previous history of preeclampsia is the strong risk factors of preeclampsia. Comprehensive antenatal care services and strict supervision of pregnant women with high risk can prevent serious complications for both mother and baby.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bardja, S. (2020). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Preeklampsia Berat / Eklampsia pada Ibu Hamil Risk Factor for The Occurrence of Severe Preeclampsia / Eclampsia in Pregnant Woman. 12(August 2019), 18–30.

Bilano VL, Ota E, Ganchimeg T, Mori R, S. J. (2014). Risk factors of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and its adverse outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: A WHO secondary analysis. PLoS One, 9(3), 1–9.

Boyd HA, Tahir H, Wohlfahrt J, M. M. (2013). Associations of personal and family preeclampsia historywith the risk of early-, intermediate- and late-onset preeclampsia. Am J Epidemiol, 178(11), 1611–9.

Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, B. S., Spong CY, Dashe JS, Hoffman BL, E., & Al. (2014). Williams Obstetrics (24th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Das, S., Das, R., Bajracharya, R., Baral, G., & Jabegu, B. (2019). Incidence and Risk Factors of Pre-Eclampsia in the Paropakar Maternity and Women ’ s Hospital , Nepal : A Retrospective Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health, (1), 1–8.

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya. (2019). Profil Kesehatan Surabaya 2018. Surabaya: Kemenkes RI.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur. (2020). Profil Kesehatan Jawa Timur 2019. Surabaya: Kemenkes RI.

Direkvand-Moghadam A, Khosravi A, S. K. (2012). "Predictive factors for preeclampsia in pregnant women: A unvariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis". Acta Biochim Pol, 59(4), 673–7.

Duckitt K, H. D. (2005). Risk factors for pre-eclampsia at antenatal booking: Systematic review of controlled studies. Br Med J., 330(7491), 565–570.

F Yuniarti. (2018). "Analisis Perilaku Kesehatan dan Faktor Risiko Kejadian Pre eklamsi Pada Ibu Hamil di Poliklinik Obstetri Gynekologi RSUD Kabupaten Kediri". J Issues Midwifery, 1, 1–17.

Grum T, Seifu A, Abay M, Angesom T, T. L. (2017). Determinants of pre-eclampsia / Eclampsia among women attending delivery Services in Selected Public Hospitals of Addis Ababa , Ethiopia : a case control study. 1–7.

Guerrier G, Oluyide B, Keramarou M, G. R. (2013). "Factors associated with severe preeclampsia and eclampsia in Jahun, Nigeria". Int J Womens Health, 5(1), 509–13.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2020). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2019. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Kurniasari, D., & Arifandini, F. (2015). "Hubungan Usia, Paritas dan Diabetes Mellitus pada Kehamilan dengan Kejadian Preeklampsia pada Ibu Hamil di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rumbia Kabupaten Lampung Tengah Tahun 2014". J Kesehat Holistik, 9(3), 142–150.

Laine, K., Murzakanova, G., Sole, K. B., Pay, A. D., Heradstveit, S., & Räisänen, S. (2019). Prevalence and risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational hypertension in twin pregnancies : a population-based register study. BMJ Open., 9(7), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029908

Lopez-Jaramillo P, Barajas J, R.-Q., & SM, Lopez-Lopez C, F. C. (2018). Obesity and preeclampsia: common patho_physiological mechanisms. Front Physiol, 9, 1–10.

Quan, L., Xu, Q., Zhang, G., Wu, L., & Xu, H. (2018). "ScienceDirect An analysis of the risk factors of preeclampsia and prediction based on combined biochemical indexes". Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 34(2), 109–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjms.2017.10.001

Septiasih. (2018). "Faktor Risiko Kejadian Preeklampsia Pada Ibu Bersalin Di RSUD Wonosari Kabupaten Gunungkidul Tahun 2017". POLTEKES Yogyakarta.

Setyawati, A., & Widiasih, R. (2018). "Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Preeklampsia Di Indonesia". 2(1), 32–40.

Shao, Y., Qiu, J., Huang, H., Mao, B., Dai, W., He, X., … Qiu, W. (2017). Pre-pregnancy BMI , gestational weight gain and risk of preeclampsia : a birth cohort study in Lanzhou , China. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 7(1), 2–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-017-1567-2

Tangren JS et al. (2018). "Risk of preeclampsia and pregnancy compli_cations in women with a history of acute kidney injury". Hypertension, 72(2), 451–459.

Tessema GA, Tekeste A, A. T. (2015). Preeclampsia and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia: A hospital-based study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 15(1), 1–7.

Verma, M. K., Kapoor, P., Yadav, R., & Manohar, R. K. (2017). Risk Factor Assessment for Pre-eclampsia : A Case Control Study. 7(3), 172–177.

Yanit KE, Snowden JM, Cheng YW, C., & AB. (2012). "The impact of chronic hypertension and pregestational diabetes on pregnancy outcomes". Am J Obstet Gynecol, 207(4), 333e1–6.

Downloads

Published

2022-05-31

How to Cite

Elga Caecaria Grahardika Andani, Muhammad Alamsyah Aziz, & Johanes Cornelius Mose. (2022). Risk Factors of Preeclampsia at Dupak Public Health Center Surabaya: Case Control Study. Embrio : Jurnal Kebidanan, 14(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.36456/embrio.v14i1.4069